Books by Subject


The Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness (Cognition Special Issue)
by Stanislas Dehaene (Editor)

Paperback - 237 pages (January 1, 2002)
MIT Press; ISBN: 0262541319

Editorial Reviews
Book Description
This book investigates the philosophical, empirical, and theoretical bases on which a cognitive neuroscience of consciousness can be founded. The research questions reviewed include: Does perception occur without awareness? Can the neural bases of perceptual awareness be visualized with brain-imaging methods? What do unilateral neglect and extinction tell us about conscious and unconscious processing? What is the contribution of brainstem nuclei to conscious states? How can we identify mental processes uniquely associated with consciousness? An introductory chapter proposes a theoretical framework for building a cognitive neuroscience of consciousness, and two concluding chapters evaluate the progress made so far.

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Building a Better Race: Gender, Sexuality, and Eugenics from the Turn of the Century to the Baby Boom
by Wendy Kline

Product Details

Book Description
Wendy Kline's lucid cultural history of eugenics in America emphasizes the movement's central, continuing interaction with popular notions of gender and morality. Kline shows how eugenics could seem a viable solution to problems of moral disorder and sexuality, especially female sexuality, during the first half of the twentieth century. Its appeal to social conscience and shared desires to strengthen the family and civilization sparked widespread public as well as scientific interest. Kline traces this growing public interest by looking at a variety of sources, including the astonishing "morality masque" that climaxed the 1915 Panama Pacific International Exposition; the nationwide correspondence of the influential Human Betterment Foundation in Pasadena, California; the medical and patient records of a "model" state institution that sterilized thousands of allegedly feebleminded women in California between 1900 and 1960; the surprising political and popular support for sterilization that survived initial interest in, and then disassociation from, Nazi eugenics policies; and a widely publicized court case in 1936 involving the sterilization of a wealthy young woman deemed unworthy by her mother of having children.

Kline's engaging account reflects the shift from "negative eugenics" (preventing procreation of the "unfit") to "positive eugenics," which encouraged procreation of the "fit," and it reveals that the "golden age" of eugenics actually occurred long after most historians claim the movement had vanished. The middle-class "passion for parenthood" in the '50s had its roots, she finds, in the positive eugenics campaign of the '30s and '40s. Many issues that originated in the eugenics movement remain controversial today, such as the use of IQ testing, the medical ethics of sterilization, the moral and legal implications of cloning and genetic screening, and even the debate on family values of the 1990s. Building a Better Race not only places eugenics at the center of modern reevaluations of female sexuality and morality but also acknowledges eugenics as an essential aspect of major social and cultural movements in the twentieth century

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Biology at Work : Rethinking Sexual Equality (The Rutgers Series in Human Evolution)
by Kingsley R. Browne

Hardcover (July 2002)
Rutgers University Press; ISBN: 0813530539

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Biology and Crime
by David C. Rowe

Textbook Binding - 200 pages (November 2001)
Roxbury Pub Co; ISBN: 1891487809

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Myth of Monogamy : Fidelity and Infidelity in Animals and People
by David P. Barash, Phd., Judith Eve Lipton, M.D.
Hardcover - 227 pages (April 2001)
W H Freeman & Co; ISBN: 0716740044 ; Dimensions (in inches): 1.00 x 9.52 x 6.44

Editorial Reviews
Shattering deeply held beliefs about sexual relationships in humans and other animals, The Myth of Monogamy is a much needed treatment of a sensitive issue. Written by the husband and wife team of behavioral scientist David P. Barash and psychiatrist Judith Eve Lipton, it glows with wit and warmth even as it explores decades of research undermining traditional precepts of mating rituals. Evidence from genetic testing has been devastating to those seeking monogamy in the animal kingdom; even many birds, long prized as examples of fidelity, turn out to have a high incidence of extra-pair couplings. Furthermore, now that researchers have turned their attention to female sexual behavior, they are finding more and more examples of aggressive adultery-seeking in "the fairer sex." Writing about humans in the context of parental involvement, the authors find complexity and humor:


Baby people are more like baby birds than baby mammals. To be sure, newborn cats and dogs are helpless, but this helplessness doesn't last for long. By contrast, infant Homo sapiens remain helpless for months ... and then they become helpless toddlers! Who in turn graduate to being virtually helpless youngsters. (And then? Clueless adolescents.) So there may be some payoff to women in being mated to a monogamous man, after all.

Careful to separate scientific description from moral prescription, Barash and Lipton still poke a little fun at our conceptions of monogamy and other kinds of relationships as "natural" or "unnatural." Shoring themselves up against the inevitable charges that their reporting will weaken the institution of marriage, they make sure to note that monogamy works well for most of those who desire it and that one of our uniquely human traits is our ability to overcome biology in some instances. If, as some claim, monogamy has been a tool used by men to assert property rights over women, then perhaps one day The Myth of Monogamy will be seen as a milestone for women's liberation. --Rob Lightner

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Biology, Evolution, and Human Nature
by Timothy H. Goldsmith, William F. Zimmerman
Hardcover - 384 pages (November 2000)
John Wiley & Sons; ISBN: 0471182192

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Beethoven's Anvil: Music in Mind and Culture
by William L. Benzon

Hardcover - 304 pages (October 23, 2001)
Basic Books; ISBN: 0465015433 ; Dimensions (in inches): 1.20 x 9.50 x 6.36

Book Description
Why does the brain create music? In Beethoven's Anvil, cognitive scientist and jazz musician William Benzon finds the key to music's function in the very complexity of musical experience. Music demands that our symbol-processing capacities, motor skills, emotional and communicative skills all work in close coordination-not only within our own heads but with the heads (and bodies) of others. Music is at once deeply personal and highly social, highly disciplined and open to emotional nuance and interpretation. It's precisely this coordination of different mental functions, Benzon argues, that underlies our deep need to create and participate in music. Music synchronizes the brain and has had a profound, and little-appreciated, influence on the shape of the mind and human cultures.

This is a remarkable book: both daring and scholarly, it offers a sweeping vision of a vital, underappreciated force in our minds and culture.

About the Author
William L. Benzon, Ph.D., a cognitive scientist, is Senior Scientist with Metalogics Incorporated and an associate editor of The Journal of Social and Evolutionary System. He is also co-founder of the musical ensemble AfroEurasian Connection. He lives in Jersey City, New Jersey.

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The Feeling of What Happens : Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness
by Antonio R. Damasio

Paperback - 400 pages (September 2000)
Harvest Books; ISBN: 0156010755 ; Dimensions (in inches): 1.05 x 9.03 x 6.01
Other Editions: Hardcover
Editorial Reviews
As you read this, at some level you're aware that you're reading, thanks to a standard human feature commonly referred to as consciousness. What is it--a spiritual phenomenon, an evolutionary tool, a neurological side effect? The best scientists love to tackle big, meaningful questions like this, and neuroscientist Antonio Damasio jumps right in with The Feeling of What Happens, a poetic examination of interior life through lenses of research, medical cases, philosophical analysis, and unashamed introspection. Damasio's perspective is, fortunately, becoming increasingly common in the scientific community; despite all the protestations of old-guard behaviorists, subjective consciousness is a plain fact to most of us and the demand for new methods of inquiry is finally being met.

These new methods are not without rigor, though. Damasio and his colleagues examine patients with disruptions and interruptions in consciousness and take deep insights from these tragic lives while offering greater comfort and meaning to the sufferers. His thesis, that our sense of self arises from our need to map relations between self and others, is firmly rooted in medical and evolutionary research but stands up well to self-examination. His examples from the weird world of neurology are unsettling yet deeply humanizing--real people with serious problems spring to life in the pages, but they are never reduced to their deficits. The Feeling of What Happens captures the spirit of discovery as it plunges deeper than ever into the darkest waters yet. --Rob Lightner --This text refers to the Hardcover edition.

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Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers : An Updated Guide to Stress, Stress-Related Diseases, and Coping
by Robert M. Sapolsky
 Paperback - 434 pages (June 1998)
W H Freeman & Co; ISBN: 0716732106 ; Dimensions (in inches): 1.29 x 9.20 x 6.08

Editorial Reviews
Why don't zebras get ulcers--or heart disease, diabetes and other chronic diseases--when people do? In a fascinating look at the science of stress, biologist Robert Sapolsky presents an intriguing case, that people develop such diseases partly because our bodies aren't designed for the constant stresses of a modern-day life--like sitting in daily traffic jams or growing up in poverty. Rather, they seem more built for the kind of short-term stress faced by a zebra--like outrunning a lion.

With wit, graceful writing, and a sprinkling of Far Side cartoons, Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers makes understanding the science of stress an adventure in discovery. "This book is a primer about stress, stress-related disease, and the mechanisms of coping with stress. How is it that our bodies can adapt to some stressful emergencies, while other ones make us sick? Why are some of us especially vulnerable to stress-related diseases, and what does that have to do with our personalities?"

Sapolsky, a Stanford University neuroscientist, explores stress's role in heart disease, diabetes, growth retardation, memory loss, and autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis. He cites tantalizing studies of hyenas, baboons, and rodents, as well as of people of different cultures, to vividly make his points. And Sapolsky concludes with a hopeful chapter, titled "Managing Stress." Although he doesn't subscribe to the school of thought that hope cures all disease, Sapolsky highlights the studies that suggest we do have some control over stress-related ailments, based on how we perceive the stress and the kinds of social support we have.

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Criminology: A Global Perspective
by Lee Ellis, And Anthony Walsh

Hardcover - 666 pages 1 edition (December 28, 1999)
Allyn & Bacon; ISBN: 0205187080 ; Dimensions (in inches): 1.20 x 9.58 x 7.36
Editorial Reviews
From the Back Cover
Criminology: A Global Perspective is an excellent teaching tool, explicitly written to provide the broadest coverage of any criminology book available, including research examples from around the world. The discussions acquaint readers with numerous correlates of crime including: demographics, ecology, macroeconomics, family, institutions, behavioral and mental health, and biology. Understanding of these correlates is then used extensively to assess the merit and shortcomings of each criminological theory. Careful attention is given not only to traditional criminological theories, but also to more recent theories that hypothesize on the involvement of brain functioning patterns and evolutionary factors as causes of criminal behavior. This book covers criminal and delinquent behavior as well as clinical forms of antisocial behavior. For anyone interested in the study of criminology.
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Time, Love, Memory : A Great Biologist and His Quest for the Origins of Behavior
by Johathan Weiner

Hardcover - 300 pages (April 1999)
Knopf; ISBN: 0679444351 ; Dimensions (in inches): 1.22 x 9.58 x 6.64
Other Editions: Paperback

In the words of Jonathan Weiner, "Time, love, and memory are ... three cornerstones of the pyramid of behavior." While some find it difficult to view humans as mere machines, molecular biologists maintain that most behavior is genetically based. Even skeptics and opponents agree that molecular biology may well change the way we all live in the 21st century. Little-known outside this exploding field, Seymour Benzer, his mentors, and his generations of students have studied the common fruit fly, Drosophila, and discovered genes that seem to have some influence upon our internal clock, our sexuality, and our ability to learn from our experiences.

Weiner (whose last book, The Beak of the Finch, won a Pulitzer Prize) has written an affectionate history about the development of the science while offering charming glimpses of the people involved--trading haircuts to stretch their grant money in the early years, roaming the laboratory into the wee hours, naming the genes associated with learning after Pavlov's dogs. It's not all sweetness and light, however; ethical questions are raised, some of the hype (and hysteria) surrounding the human genome project is dissipated, and the complicated "clockwork" gene "looks less like an invitation to human intervention and more like a cautionary tale or object lesson for anyone who might try, in the 21st century, to improve on nature's four-billion-year-old designs." That said, the scientists in Weiner's tale reveal a very human side of this fast-moving science, and their belief that they'll find answers to important questions is contagious and compelling. As Benzer himself said, "It's a wonderful, fabulous world, and it's been kicking around a long time." --C.B. Delaney
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The Trouble With Testosterone : And Other Essays on the Biology of the Human Predicament
by Robert M. Sapolsky
Paperback - 288 pages (April 1998)
Touchstone Books; ISBN: 0684838915 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.79 x 8.40 x 5.53
Other Editions: Hardcover Editorial Reviews
As a professor of biology and neuroscience at Stanford and a recipient of a MacArthur Foundation "genius grant," Robert Sapolsky carries impressive credentials. Best of all, he's a gifted writer who possesses a delightfully devilish sense of humor. In these essays, which range widely but mostly focus on the relationships between biology and human behavior, hard and intricate science is handled with a deft touch that makes it accessible to the general reader. In one memorable piece, Sapolsky compares the fascination with tabloid TV to behavior he's observed among wild African baboons. "Rubber necks," notes the professor, "seem to be a common feature of the primate order." In the title essay of The Trouble with Testosterone, Sapolsky ruminates on the links, real or perceived, between that hormone and aggression. --This text refers to the
hardcover edition of this title

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Why They Kill : The Discoveries of a Maverick Criminologist
By Richard Rhodes

Hardcover - 352 pages 1 Ed edition (September 1999)
Knopf; ISBN: 0375402497 ; Dimensions (in inches): 1.32 x 9.59 x 6.68
Other Editions: Paperback

In Why They Kill, Pulitzer Prize winner Richard Rhodes traces the life and career of criminologist Lonnie Athens, a man who took his own sad and squalid life and turned it on its head to make a groundbreaking career as a criminologist. Athens grew up in a violent, angry world. Rather than absorbing the sickness and violence around him, though, he studied it, and eventually developed a theory about how violent criminals are created. Rhodes's critical examination of Athens's work forces readers to consider how violent our society really is, how it became that way, and what might be done to change it. When applied to well-known criminals such as Michael Tyson and Lee Harvey Oswald, Athens's ideas become concrete and take on an urgent tone: it's easy to discuss theories and predictors in the abstract, but these stories are real, and they repeat themselves in our society at an alarming rate. Rhodes's approach to this disturbing subject stands apart from many other crime books in its intelligence, humanity, and empathy. These are not just descriptions of "scumbags" and their brutal crimes, but intensely personal stories that reveal how a culture of violence propagates itself. --Lisa Higgins
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Darwin's Black Box : The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution
by Michael J. Behe

Paperback - 307 pages (March 1998)
Touchstone Books; ISBN: 0684834936 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.81 x 8.43 x 5.49
Other Editions: Hardcover
Editorial Reviews
Michael J. Behe, a biochemist at Lehigh University, presents here a scientific argument for the existence of God. Examining the evolutionary theory of the origins of life, he can go part of the way with Darwin--he accepts the idea that species have been differentiated by the mechanism of natural selection from a common ancestor. But he thinks that the essential randomness of this process can explain evolutionary development only at the macro level, not at the micro level of his expertise. Within the biochemistry of living cells, he argues, life is "irreducibly complex." This is the last black box to be opened, the end of the road for science. Faced with complexity at this level, Behe suggests that it can only be the product of "intelligent design." --This text refers to the Hardcover edition.
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Biology, Society, and Behavior : The Development of Sex Differences in Cognition (Advances in Applied Developmental Psychology Vol 21)
by Ann McGillicuddy-DeLisi (Editor), Richard De Lisi (Editor)

Textbook Binding (October 2001)
Ablex Pub Corp; ISBN: 1567506321 ; Dimensions (in inches): 1.06 x 9.59 x 6.41

Editorial Reviews
Book Description
Applying current theory and research, this book links the development of sex differences in cognition to biological foundations, multiple social processes, and contextual factors. Areas covered include evolutionary biology, neuroscience, social roles, and cultural contextualism and the issues of the onset, causes, developmental trajectories, and patterns in children's and adolescents' thinking, problem-solving, academic performance, and social conditions that are related to behaviors in each of these areas.
About the Author
ANN McGILLICUDDY-DE LISI is the Marshall R. Metzgar Professor of Psychology at Lafayette College.
RICHARD DE LISI is a Professor of Educational Psychology at Rutgers University.

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Strong Imagination : Madness, Creativity and Human Nature
by Daniel Nettle

Paperback - 192 pages (April 2001)
Oxford Univ Press; ISBN: 0198507062 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.73 x 8.76 x 5.80

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The Ontogeny of Human Bonding Systems : Evolutionary Origins, Neural Bases, and Psychological Manifestations
by Warren B. Miller
Hardcover - 160 pages (August 1, 2001)
Kluwer Academic Publishers; ISBN: 0792374789

Editorial Reviews
Book Description
The Ontogeny of Human Bonding Systems takes an interdisciplinary look at the phenomena of human bonding. The authors draw upon behavioral genetics, molecular genetics of behavior, cognitive and affective neuroscience, evolutionary psychology, human ethology, behavioral ecology, and the study of attachment processes within developmental psychology. The topics will focus on human reproduction, and fertility-related behavior in particular, and the evolutionary origins and neural underpinnings of such behavior. This book is for anyone interested in the evolutionary origins, neural underpinnings, and psychological structure involved in human relationships.

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The Biology of Belief: How Our Biology Biases Our Beliefs and Perceptions
by Joseph Giovannoli

Paperback - 389 pages (January 29, 2001)
Rosetta Press, Inc.; ISBN: 0970813716

Book Description
“The Biology of Belief” examines how our less than perfectly adapted brains cope with today’s world. Among the things considered are how our brain biology biases our perceptions, organizes ignorance into belief systems, predisposes us to believe in supernatural spirits, and permits others to manipulate our beliefs. The human brain evolved over millions of years to cope with survival and reproduction in the rudimentary world of our primitive ancestors. Inasmuch as our brain biology formed to cope with this ancient world, it should be no surprise that it has a few problems in dealing with the complexities of modern life.

The process by which we come to believe something new involves a labyrinth of thought-influencing biological and other factors. In attempting to understand this labyrinth and its effect on how we acquire beliefs, this work addresses a number of considerations. The profound effect brain evolution has had on our way of perceiving the world is one example. Other elements include brain module interactions, neurotransmitters, inborn biological predispositions, and the interdependence of belief and perception. Together with other factors, they collectively comprise the biology of belief. How our beliefs come to define our realities is revealed through an exploration of the processes by which beliefs are created, changed, transmitted, and manipulated. The text challenges readers to consider whether biological and belief mechanisms resistant to change will permit long-held cultural beliefs to adapt rapidly enough to address the new realities of our changing world.

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Adaptation and Human Behavior : An Anthropolotical Perspective (Evolutionary Foundations of Human Behavior)
by Lee Cronk (Editor), Napoleon Chagnon (Editor), William Irons (Editor)

Paperback (June 2000)
Aldine De Gruyter; ISBN: 0202020444
Other Editions: Hardcover

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The Maladapted Mind : Classic Readings in Evolutionary Psychopathology
by Simon Baron-Cohen (Editor)

Paperback - 304 pages (May 2000)
Psychology Pr; ISBN: 086377461X ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.70 x 9.04 x 5.89
Other Editions: Hardcover

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Nymphomania: A History
by Carol Groneman

Hardcover - 256 pages (August 2000)
W.W. Norton & Company; ISBN: 0393048381 ; Dimensions (in inches): 1.07 x 8.56 x 5.85 Sales Rank: 9,887
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by Diane F. Halpern

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Other Editions: Hardcover

Paperback 3rd edition (March 2000)
Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc; ISBN: 0805827927

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Necessary but Not Sufficient : The Respective Roles of Single and Multiple Influences on Individual Development
by Theodore D. Wachs

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Hardcover 1 Ed edition (January 2000)
Amer Psychological Assn; ISBN: 1557986118

Table of Contents
Necessary But Not Sufficient: The Problem of
Variability in Individual Outcomes
Evolutionary and Ecological Influences
Genetic, Neural, and Hormonal Influences
Biomedical and Nutritional Influences
Phenotypic Influences
Proximal Environmental Influences
Distal Environmental Influences
Linkages Among Multiple Influences
Temporal and Specificity Process
Integrating Multiple Influences, Midlevel Processes, and Systems
From Principles to Practice
Author Index
Subject Index
About the Author
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Deception: Perspectives on Human and Nonhuman Decit (Suny Series in Animal Behavior)

By Robert W. Mitchell & Nicholas S. Thompson (Editor)

State University of New York Press, Feb. 1986
ISBN: 0887061079

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Perspectives in Ethology: Behavioral Design, Vol. II

By Nicholas Thompson

Plenum Publishing Corp. May, 1995
ISBN: 0306449064

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Perspective In Ethology: Behavior and Evolution

By P.P.G. Bateson & Peter H. Klopfer

Plenum Publishing, Sept. 1993
ISBN: 0306443988

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A Natural History of Rape : Biological Bases of Sexual Coercion
by Randy Thornhill, Craig T. Palmer
Hardcover - 272 pages (February 1, 2000)
MIT Press; ISBN: 0262201259 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.88 x 9.25 x 6.30
Editorial Reviews
Evolutionary psychology often stomps where other branches of science fear to tread. Case in point: A Natural History of Rape. Randy Thornhill, a biologist, and Craig T. Palmer, an anthropologist, have attempted to apply evolutionary principles to one of the most disgusting of human behaviors, and the result is a guaranteed storm of media hype and debate. The book's central argument is that rape is a genetically developed strategy sustained over generations of human life because it is a kind of sexual selection--a successful reproductive strategy. This runs directly counter to the prevailing notion--that rape is predominantly about violent power, and only secondarily about sex.

The authors base their argument partly on statistics showing that in the United States, most rape victims are of childbearing age. But disturbingly large numbers of rapes of children, elderly women, and other men are never adequately explained. And the actual reproductive success of rape is not clear. Thornhill and Palmer's biological interpretation is just that--an interpretation, one that won't withstand tough scientific scrutiny. They further claim that the mental trauma of rape is greater for women of childbearing age (especially married women) than it is for elderly women or children. The data supporting these assertions come from a single psychological study, done by Thornhill in the 1970s, that mixes first-person interviews with caretaker's interpretations of children's reactions.

While Thornhill and Palmer claim that they are trying to look objectively at the root causes of rape, they focus almost entirely on data that support their thesis, forcing them to write an evolutionary "just-so" story. The central problem is evident in this quote, from the chapter "The Pain and Anguish of Rape":


We feel that the woman's perspective on rape can be best understood by considering the negative influences of rape on female reproductive success.... It is also highly possible that selection favored the outward manifestations of psychological pain because it communicated the female's strong negative attitude about the rapist to her husband and/or her relatives.

Women are disturbed by rape mostly because they are worried about what their husbands might think? In statements like this, the authors repeatedly discount the psychological aspects of rape, such as fear, humiliation, loss of autonomy, and powerlessness, and focus solely on personal shame.

A Natural History of Rape will no doubt have people talking about rape and its causes, and perhaps thinking about real ways of preventing it. In fact, the authors suggest that all young men be educated frankly about their (theoretical) genetic desire to rape. And it reopens the debate about the role of sex in rape. But without more and better data supporting their conclusions, Thornhill and Palmer are doing the very thing they criticize feminists and social scientists of doing: just talking. --Therese Littleton
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