Emotional Meanings and Definitions 


Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1980, Copyright by G & C. Merriam Co.
Definitions list are in Book Antiqua, 12pt font 

Roget's II: The New Thesaurus, Third Edition. 1995 Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by the Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Synonyms are in Arial Narrow, 14 pt font and underlined.,


PRIMARY EMOTIONS

ANGER: n. A strong feeling of displeasure and usually of antagonism. syns: IRE, RAGE, FURY, INDIGNATION, WRATH shared meaning element: emotional excitement induced by intense displeasure.
ANGER: n. A general impression produced by a predominant quality or characteristic: air, ambiance, atmosphere, aura, feel, feeling, smell, tone. 2. A temporary state of mind or feeling: frame of mind

HAPPINESS: A state of well-being and contentment: Joy b: a pleasurable satisfaction.
HAPPINESS: n: A condition of supreme well-being and good spirits: beatitude, blessedness, bliss, cheer, cheerfulness, felicity, gladness, joy, joyfulness.

SADNESS: N: Affected with or expressive of grief or unhappiness: downcast.
SADNESS: N: A feeling or spell of dismally low spirits: blues, dejection, depression, despondence, despondency, doldrums, dolefulness, downheartedness, dumps, dysphoria, funk, bloom, glumness, heavyheartedness, melancholy, mope (used in plural), mournfulness, unhappiness.

FEAR: N: An unpleasant often strong emotion caused by anticipation or awareness of danger.
FEAR: N: Great agitation and anxiety caused by the expectation or the realization of danger: alarm, apprehension, dread, fearfulness, fright, horror, panic, terror, trepidation.


SECONDARY EMOTIONS

ADORE: VT: ADORNMENT: N: To regard with reverent admiration and devotion.

APATHY: N: Lack of feeling or emotion: impassiveness. 2. Lack of interest or concern.
APATHY: N: Lack of emotion or interest: disinterest, impassivity, incuriosity, incuriousness, indifference, insensibility, insensibleness, lassitude, lethargy, listlessness, phlegm, stolidity, stolidness, unconcern, uninterest, unresponsiveness. ADJ: Without emotion or interest: detached, impassive, incurious, indifferent, insensible, lethargic, listless, phlegmatic, stolid, unconcerned, uniterested, unresponsive.

AWE: N: Profound and humbly fearful reverence inspired by deity or by something sacred or mysterious. B. Submissive and admiring fear inspired by authority or power. C. Wondering reverence tinged with fear inspired by the sublime.
AWE: N: A mixed emotion of reverence, respect, dread, and wonder inspired by authority, genius, great beauty, sublimity, or might: 

BOREDOM: N: The state of being bored: ENNUI: a feeling of weariness and dissatisfaction.

COMPASSION: N; Sympathetic consciousness of others' distress together with a desire to alleviate it.

CONFUSION: N: State of being perplexed or disconcerted. CONFUSED: To fail to differentiate from an often similar or related other (confuse money with comfort).
CONFUSION: N: 1. State of self-conscious distress: abashment, chagrin, discomfiture, discomposure, disconsertment, discountenancement, embarrassment. 2. A lack of order or regular arrangement: chaos, clutter, confusedness, derangement, disarrangement, disarrary, disorder, disorderedness, disorderliness, disorganization, jumble, mess, mixup, muddle, muss, scramble, topsy-turviness, tumble.

CONTEMPT: N: The state of mind of someone who despises: Willful disobedience to or open disrespect of a court, judge, or legislative body.

DISGUST: N: Marked aversion aroused by something highly distasteful. MF desgonster, des - dis, gouster taste.  
DISGUST: N: Extreme repugnance excited by something offensive: Nausea.

EAGERNESS: N: State of being enthusiastic, impatient and a desire of interest: Shared meaning element: moved by a strong and urgent desire or interest; extreme zealousness: sysns: AVID, KEEN, ANXIOUS.

[Empathy]: N: not an emotion, but: the ability or capacity for participation in another's feelings or ideas. syn: SYMPATHY

[ETHOS] not an emotion, but important because: the distinguishing character, sentiment, moral nature, or guiding beliefs of a person, group, or institution (this involves framing concepts, ideas, and goals important in emotional emergence).

ENVY: N: Painful or resentful awareness of an advantage enjoyed by another joined with a desire to possess the same advantage.
ENVY: N: Resentful or painful desire for another's advantages: covetousness, enviousness, jealousy. (Which would lead to what? Desire...hatred...forceful occupation of someone's land?).

GRANDOSITY: N: In regard to emotions: person affected by grandeur or splendor and sometimes themselves being absurdly exaggerated on a subject.

GRATITUDE: N: The state of being grateful: THANKFULNESS: N: State of being aware of benefit received. THANKLESS: Not expressing or feeling GRATITUDE.
GRATITUDE: N: A state of being grateful: appreciation, gratefulness, thnkfulness, thanks, GRATEFUL.

GREEDINESS: N: Excessive or reprehensible acquisitiveness: AVARICE: N: Excessive insatiable desire for wealth or gain.
GREEDINESS: N: Quality of state of being having excessive desire for more than one needs or deserves: Acquisitiveness, avarice, avariciousness, avidity, cotetousness, cupidity, graspingness.

HOPE: N: Desire accompanied by expectation of or belief in fulfillment.

HUBRIS: N: Exaggerated pride or self-confidence often resulting in retribution.

INTEREST: N: A feeling that accompanies or causes special attention to an object or class of objects. 
INTEREST: N: State of mental acquisitiveness: curiosity, curiousness, inqueisitiveness. 

LONELINESS: N: State of being lonely producing a feeling of bleakness or desolation.  LONESOME: N: Sad or dejected as a result of lack of companionship or separation from others
LONELINESS: N: The quality or state of being alone: aloneness, isolation, singleness, solitariness, solitude. 

LUST: N: To have an intense desire or need, (modern usage: sexual urge), CRAVE: vi: To have a strong or inward desire. (? just inward?).
LUST: N: A strong wanting of what promises enjoyment or pleasure: appetence, appetency, appetite, craving, desire, hunger, itch, longing, thirst, wish, yearning, yen.

LOVE: N: Affection based on admiration, benevolence, or common interests. 2. Warm attachment, devotion, or admiration. (multi-purpose). 
LOVE : N: The quality or state of being closely tied to another (person or thing) by affection or faith: affection, attachment, devotion, fondness, liking, loyalty (used in plural).

NARCISSISM: N: Love of or sexual desire to one's own body.  EGOISM: N: An ethical doctrine that individual self-interest is the actual motive of all conscious action. (EGOCENTRISM: N: making the ego as the starting point in philosophy).

PLEASURE: N: A state of gratification; a source of delight or joy.

PRIDE: N: A reasonable or justifiable self-respect: delight or elation arising from some act, possession, or relationship.
PRIDE: N:  The quality or state of being arrogant: arrogance, haughtiness, hauteur, insolence, loftiness, lordliness, overbearingness, presumption, pridefulness, proudness, superciliousness, superiortiey. (inward -- regarding of oneself with undue favor: conceit, ego, egoism)?

PLAYFULNESS: N: State of dealing with others in a light, speculative, or sportive manner. <multi-uses for the word playfulness, but we will use it this way in the study of emotions and social grouping behavior.>
PLAYFULNESS: N: The quality or state of being full of high-spirited fun: friskiness, frolicsomeness, sportiveness, waggishness.

PREDATORINESS: N: A disposition to injure or exploit others for one's own gain. 

RESPECT: N:  The quality or state of being or giving high or special regard: ESTEEM: vt: 

REVENGEFULNESS: N:  The desire to retaliate in order to get even. (primates -- getting back something that has been taken from you, or making sure that a deed done by someone that caused you a loss is repaid to send message: there is a cost to your actions and perhaps you should not do it in the future.

SCHADENFREUDE: N: German word meaning to take pleasure in someone's misfortune. (not found in dictionary).

 


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