Books by Subject


In Darwin's Shadow: The Life and Science of Alfred Russel Wallace: A Biographical Study on the Psychology of History
by Michael Shermer


Product Details

Book Description
Virtually unknown today, Alfred Russel Wallace was the co-discoverer of natural selection with Charles Darwin and an eminent scientist who stood out among his Victorian peers as a man of formidable mind and equally outsized personality. Now Michael Shermer rescues Wallace from the shadow of Darwin in this landmark biography. Here we see Wallace as perhaps the greatest naturalist of his age--spending years in remote jungles, collecting astounding quantities of specimens, writing thoughtfully and with bemused detachment at his reception in places where no white man had ever gone. Here, too, is his supple and forceful intelligence at work, grappling with such arcane problems as the bright coloration of caterpillars, or shaping his 1858 paper on natural selection that prompted Darwin to publish (with Wallace) the first paper outlining the theory of evolution. Shermer also shows that Wallace's self-trained intellect, while powerful, also embraced surprisingly naive ideas, such as his deep interest in the study of spiritual manifestations and seances. Shermer shows that the same iconoclastic outlook that led him to overturn scientific orthodoxy as he worked in relative isolation also led him to embrace irrational beliefs, and thus tarnish his reputation. As author of Why People Believe Weird Things and founding publisher of Skeptic magazine, Shermer is an authority on why people embrace the irrational. Now he turns his keen judgment and incisive analysis to Wallace's life and his contradictory beliefs, restoring a leading figure in the rise of modern science to his rightful place.

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Charting a New Course for Feminist Psychology
by Lynn H. Collins (Editor), Michelle R. Dunlap, (Editor), Joan C. Chrisler

Hardcover - 264 pages (February 28, 2002)
Praeger Pub Text; ISBN: 0275969525
Editorial Reviews
Book Description
Feminist psychology is vigorous, creative, and increasingly activist. This volume reflects women's diversity and incorporates strategies for social action and opportunities for political activism. It anticipates trends and developments in the psychology of women and feminist psychology. Chapters include those about women and self-esteem, leadership skills, welfare reform, spirituality, and domestic violence. The emphasis on social activism is unique. Unusual and cutting-edge research methodologies and techniques are also discussed.

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Origins of Human Nature: Evolutionary Developmental Psychology
by Anthony D. Pellegrini

Hardcover 1st edition (December 15, 2001)
American Psychological Association (APA); ISBN: 1557988781

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Manufacturing Victims : What the Psychology Industry is doing to people 3rd ed revised
by Dr. Tana Dineen

Paperback - 320 pages 3rd edition (January 25, 2001)
Robert Davies Multimedia; ISBN: 1552070328 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.81 x 8.23 x 5.22

Book Description
Find out what the Psychology Industry won't tell you and doesn't want you to know!

Dr. Tana Dineen, after thirty years in the profession, has written an unflinching critique of Psychology. Manufacturing Victims, now fully revised and updated, has been heralded as an expose of the way the discipline has become corrupted by the vested interests of its practitioners.

About the Author
Dr. Dineen practiced psychology for many years before concluding that her profession had swayed from a discipline whose aims were to relieve the suffering of the minority of humans with serious mental disease and become a gigantic industry targeting, for a price, the lesser ills of the majority with no mental disease but with money to spend on remedies, the majority of which were of unproven and often little value.

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Psychology: An Evolutionary Approach
Paperback - 416 pages 1 edition (May 23, 2000)
Prentice Hall; ISBN: 0137599943
Editorial Reviews
From the Inside Flap
Preface "Is it not reasonable to anticipate that our understanding of the human mind would be aided greatly by knowing the purpose for which it was designed?" (Williams 1966, p. 16). In one important way this book is very different from other introductory psychology texts. Traditional psychology largely ignores the question of what the mind is for. This oversight puts traditional psychology seriously out of step with the rest of the life sciences, where design-for-a-function is recognized as the normal result of evolution by natural selection. The reader may hesitate but there's little room for doubt: Psychology is a life science. It studies the behavior of living things, not rocks or stars or electrons. The theory of evolution has inspired countless thousands of discoveries throughout the life sciences—in physiology, ecology, medicine, and the like. It's time to consider what this theory can offer to psychology. In a sentence, natural selection shapes organisms by preserving those chance genetic variants that aid survival and reproduction. Contemporary biologists are convinced that every single species, including our own, owes its present form to a long history of natural selection. And their conclusion applies with equal force to every organ system; the mind and the behaviors it fosters are in no way exempt from this process. Thus our working assumption is that human psychology was designed by evolution, over millions of years, to solve the various challenges that faced our ancestors in their struggles to survive and reproduce. We have chosen to write an introductory textbook for one simple reason. Evolutionary psychology is not a specialized subfield of psychology, such as personality psychology or abnormal psychology. Instead, it is a different way of thinking about the entire field. Its insights and methods should be the groundwork for the study of psychology, not an afterthought. Our goal is that, after reading this text, students will be able to think like evolutionists, not only about human behavior but also about a wide range of related matters. But what of traditional psychology? Let us be clear. Traditional psychology it is a rich and vital field. But we have two general criticisms of it. First, because traditional psychology has no overarching theory of what we call "mind design," it can only take a trial-and-error approach to discovering the mind's operating principles. Unfortunately, trial and error is slow and inefficient, and it has led to some spectacular blind alleys, such as Freudian theory. Second, most of traditional psychology's reliable findings, about perception, thought, learning, motivation, social behavior and the like are more sensible and more informative when they are interpreted in an evolutionary framework. For example, long-standing debates such as the one over nature versus nurture, are illuminated and usefully resolved by evolutionary thinking. Thus we begin in Chapter 1 by mapping the differences between evolutionary psychology and the more traditional non-evolutionary approach. Evolutionary psychologists and traditional psychologists often differ in how they develop their theories, in the kinds of questions they pose, and in the sorts of statements they accept as valid answers. There is an old saying that you can't understand what a person is saying unless you know who he's arguing against. Let's be explicit then; in a real sense we are arguing against many of the assumptions and interpretations (but few of the findings) of traditional psychology. Studying psychology from an evolutionary viewpoint requires a clear understanding of the theory of evolution. Thus, one of our key missions is to explain what evolution is (and isn't), and what it can (and can not) do. These matters are the focus of Chapters 2, 3 and 4. There may be a temptation on the part of both students and professors to skip or deal briefly with these chapters in order to get on to the "meat" of the course—psychology. We beg you not to yield to the temptation! Every high-school graduate "knows what evolution is." But most harbor serious misconceptions: Evolution always fosters what is good for the species; because of their basis in genes, evolved traits are fixed and unresponsive to experience; species can usefully be arranged on a ladder from lower to higher. Wrong; wrong; and wrong again! According to a large majority of modern evolutionists all three of these ideas are dangerously off the mark. And there are many other pitfalls and misconceptions that must be discussed before evolutionary theory can be productively applied, to the study of psychology or to any other set of questions. Thus, a thorough grasp of the basics of modern evolutionary theory, especially as it relates to behavior, is essential to a full appreciation of the argument and evidence in this book. The remaining chapters, 5 through 16, each treat one of the central topics of modern psychology. The topics include sensation and perception, development, learning, cognition, social psychology, abnormal psychology, motivation, individual differences and several others. In each of these chapters, our focus is not on reviewing the entire literature, either from a traditional or an evolutionary perspective. Instead, by discussing eight or ten examples in each chapter, we try to show what evolutionary psychology is, how it reorients the study of mind and behavior and how genuinely novel its conclusions can be. Our goal in exemplifying the evolutionary approach over such a wide range of topics is two-fold. Of course we intend that each reader will take away a richer understanding of human behavior and the psychological mechanisms that underlie it. But we also hope to demonstrate the considerable power of Darwin's theory. For any question about living things—from the sensory abilities of moths to the complexities of human cognition—an approach that neglects evolution is unlikely to produce full and satisfying answers. Charles Darwin explained the fundamental logic at the core of all living things. If we wish to understand our own, our friends', our mates' or our children's behavior, we'd be foolish to ignore the insights afforded by an evolutionary perspective. As will be obvious from our citations and bibliography, we are not the first to imagine the outlines of an evolutionary psychology. Many students of human behavior, not only from the field of psychology, but also from biology, anthropology, economics and the other social sciences have contributed to the emergence of this field. Our primary debt, then, is to these colleagues, who had both the vision to foresee a synthesis between the evolutionary and behavioral sciences, and the interdisciplinary knowledge to build it. We hope that we have portrayed your pioneering efforts as clearly as you would have, and that many others will be encouraged to follow you down the Darwinian path. 
Textbook Binding - 416 pages 1 edition (June 2, 2000)
Prentice Hall; ISBN: 0137599943

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Cycles of Contingency: Developmental Systems and Evolution (Life and Mind: Philosophical Issues in Biology and Psychology)
by (Editor), Paul E. Griffiths (Editor), Russell D. Gray(Editor)

Hardcover - 484 pages (February 19, 2001)
MIT Press; ISBN: 0262150530
Editorial Reviews
Book Description
Many books on evolution neglect the complex dynamics of ontogeny (development) necessary to produce the mature creature. They either ignore it or reduce it to the transmission of genetic information. This contributes to unproductive debates on "nature versus nurture." Developmental systems theory (DST) offers a new conceptual framework with which to resolve such debates. DST views ontogeny as contingent cycles of interaction among a varied set of developmental resources, no one of which controls the process. These factors include DNA, cellular and organismic structure, and social and ecological interactions. DST has excited interest from a wide range of researchers, from molecular biologists to anthropologists, because of its ability to integrate evolutionary theory and other disciplines without falling into traditional oppositions.

The book provides historical background to DST, recent theoretical findings on the mechanisms of heredity, applications of the DST framework to behavioral development, implications of DST for the philosophy of biology, and critical reactions to DST.

Contributors Patrick Bateson, David J. Depew, Marcus W. Feldman, Peter Godfrey-Smith, Deborah M. Gordon, Gilbert Gottlieb, Russell D. Gray, Paul E. Griffiths, Tim Ingold, Eva Jablonka, Timothy D. Johnston, Evelyn Fox Keller, Peter Klopfer, Kevin N. Laland, Daniel S. Lehrman, Richard C. Lewontin, Lenny Moss, Eva Neumann-Held, H. Frederick Nijhout, F. John Odling-Smee, Susan Oyama, Kim Sterelny, Peter Taylor, Cor van der Weele, Bruce H. Weber, William C. Wimsatt.

About the Author
Susan Oyama is Professor of Psychology, Emerita, at John Jay College, and Professor of Psychology at the CUNY Graduate Center, New York City. Paul E. Griffiths is Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh. Russell D. Gray is Senior Lecturer in Psychology at the University of Auckland.

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The Evolution of Consciousness
by E.M. MacPhail
Paperback (October 1998)
Oxford Univ Press; ISBN: 0198503245
Other Editions: Hardcover

Editorial Reviews
Book Description
Are non-human animals conscious? When do babies begin to feel pain? What function is served by consciousness? What evidence could resolve these issues? In The Evolution of Consciousness, psychologist Euan Macphail tackles these questions and more by exploring such topics as: animal cognition; unconscious learning and perception in humans; infantile amnesia; theory of mind in primates; and the nature of pleasure and pain. Experimental results are placed in theoretical context by tracing the development of concepts of consciousness in animals and humans. Written in an accessible style, this book will be of interest to students and professionals in psychology, philosophy, and linguistics, as well as all those interested in the nature of consciousness.
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Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities
by Diane F. Halpern

Paperback 3rd edition (March 2000)
Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc; ISBN: 0805827927

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How to Think Like a Psychologist: Critical Thinking in Psychology.

By Donald H. Mcburney

Prentice Hall, Jan. 1996
ISBN: 0023783923
From the Back Cover
Featuring an informal, self-disclosing writing style throughout, this unique book uses a question-and-answer format to explore some of the most common questions readers ask about psychology — which are often stumbling blocks in their introduction to the discipline. KEY TOPICS: Topics are keyed to chapters of typical introductory psychology texts, focus on issues that are personally relevant to readers, feature many everyday examples, and include exercises that encourage readers to think critically and to relate the material to their own lives.
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As Nature Made Him : The Boy Who Was Raised As a Girl
John Colapinto

Hardcover - 304 pages (February 2, 2000)
Harpercollins; ISBN: 0060192119 ; Dimensions (in inches): 1.01 x 9.59 x 6.50
Other Editions
: Audio Cassette

Editorial Reviews
Book Description
In 1967, after a baby boy suffered a botched circumcision, his family agreed to a radical treatment. On the advice of a renowned expert in gender identity and sexual reassignment at Johns Hopkins Hospital, the boy was surgically altered to live as a girl. This landmark case, initially reported to be a complete success, seemed all the more remarkable since the child had been born an identical twin: his uninjured brother, raised as a boy, provided to the experiment the perfect matched control.
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Experimental Psychology

By Donald McBurney

Wadsworth Publication Co., 1990

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